Печати на българските царе от 1197 до 1241 година

Seals of the Bulgarian tsars from 1197 to 1241


  • Kiril Nenov Институт за исторически изследвания – Българска академия на науките, бул. „Шипченски проход“ № 52, бл. 17, София 1113


medieval Bulgarian seals, Tsar Asen (I), Tsar Kaloyan, Tsar Boril, Tsar Yoan Asen (II), medieval Bulgarian state, 12th – 13th century


The number of discovered lead seals of the Bulgarian Tsardom dated between the late 12th and the late 14th century is limited. Similar artefacts related to some of the Bulgarian tsars have not been found yet. A significant number of the published molybdobulls is not very well preserved, and this inevitably hinders the efforts to interpret their content. The future discovery of less damaged lead seals will allow to obtain more complete information from these sources about the medieval Bulgarian history. This paper presents substantial arguments regarding the attribution and the dating of some of the published seals of the Second Bulgarian Tsardom early rulers as well as their authenticity. Previous suggestions can be confirmed and some new ones can be made based on recently discovered molybdobulls and the existing studies on these monuments.




How to Cite

Nenov, K. (2023) “Печати на българските царе от 1197 до 1241 година: Seals of the Bulgarian tsars from 1197 to 1241”, Numismatics, Sigillography and Epigraphy | Нумизматика, сфрагистика и епиграфика, 19, pp. 191–204. Available at: https://publications.naim.bg/index.php/NSE/article/view/396 (Accessed: 20 July 2024).



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