Studia Praehistorica was launched in the late 1970s by Georgi I. Georgiev and Nikolay Ya. Merpert as a joint Bulgarian-Soviet journal of prehistory. The first volume 1–2 (1978) included the papers of the international symposium on the then increasingly well-known Varna Cemetery. From 2021, Studia Praehistorica has both print and online (open access) versions.
The journal also publishes book reviews and debates on topical concerns, and covers the time span from the Paleolithic to the Early Iron Age in the Balkans and neighboring areas.